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Czech Republic

Capitol: Prague ( Praha ) Population: 1,213,800

Brno 388,000; Ostrava 324,000; Plzen  170,000; Olomouc 104,000

General Information*   
  *The information on this site is subject to disclaimer  disclaimer   

Czech Republic
Background: "After World War II, Czechoslovakia fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize party rule and create "socialism with a human face." Anti-Soviet demonstrations the following year ushered in a period of harsh repression. With the collapse of Soviet authority in 1989, Czechoslovakia regained its freedom through a peaceful "Velvet Revolution." On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Now a member of NATO, the Czech Republic has moved toward integration in world markets, a development that poses both opportunities and risks." Czech Republic shall become a member in the European Union in May of 2004
--CIA World Factbook

Welcome to the Czech Republic

Prague  [ ]


One Man's Fight Against Hitler

Number of Czechs in the US
Number of Czechslovakians

Czech Republic

External Links to: Pictures from Czech Republic

Photos from the Czech Republic. (Photos belong to the Eurpean Commission)

More Pictures

Czech_Republic /czech

External Links to: Czech History from Webster's Online Dictionary:


Abridged history of Czech Republic

One of the most informative sites on the Web
Radio Prague's History Online Virtual Exhibit!  How it all began

Another Very Informative Czech Sites: Nations Online

.Web Guest Dictionary
I am from Czechia  


External Links to: Czech Language Courses


Basic Czech Language Course: 
Czech on Line

Local Lingo: A site that helps you learn the Basic Czech Language

Haig's Czech Pages:

Czech Pronounciator: RealAudio Website


Czechs Around the World
Argentina. External Links to:


Czechs In America as early as 1633
The Czechs in America

The essence of Czech and Slovak history and culture, as it is reflected in published works, is well represented in the
Library of Congress

Researching Czechs America:

   Genealogy Today

Czechs in Texas
The Czech in Canada

Canada's multicultural policies debated in central Europe

Great Men and Women: External Links to: Czechs Born, Czechs Descent or People Connected to the Czech Republic


For Famous Czechs,
Check the Czech Site

Another Great Site

More:  From My Czech Republic

Encyclopedia: Famous Czech People.

Free Encyclopedia
/Dictionary Online


Czech Republic
Central Europe, southeast of Germany

Map Reference: Europe

Area: total: 78,866 sq km
land: 77,276 sq km
water: 1,590 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries: total: 1,881 km
border countries: Austria 362 km, Germany 646 km, Poland 658 km, Slovakia 215 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Capital: Prague

Climate: temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Terrain:  Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country.

Natural Resources:  hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite

Population: 10,272,179 (July 2000 est.)

Ethnic groups: Czech 81.2%, Moravian 13.2%, Slovak 3.1%, Polish 0.6%, German 0.5%, Silesian 0.4%, Roma 0.3%, Hungarian 0.2%, other 0.5% (March 1991)

Religions: atheist 39.8%, Roman Catholic 39.2%, Protestant 4.6%, Orthodox 3%, other 13.4%

Languages: Czech

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Independence: 1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Czech and Slovak Republics)

National holiday: National Liberation Day, 8 May; Founding of the Republic, 28 October

Literacy:  99.0 %,    

Currency: 1 koruna (Kc) = 100 haleru
                           -- CIA World Factbook

Economy :
  One of the most stable and prosperous of the post-Communist states, the Czech Republic has been recovering from recession since mid-1999. Growth in 2000-03 was supported by exports to the EU, primarily to Germany, and a near doubling of foreign direct investment. Domestic demand is playing an ever more important role in underpinning growth as interest rates drop and the availability of credit cards and mortgages increases. High current account deficits - averaging around 5% of GDP in the last several years - could be a persistent problem. Inflation is under control. The EU put the Czech Republic just behind Poland and Hungary in preparations for accession, which will give further impetus and direction to structural reform. Moves to complete banking, telecommunications, and energy privatization will encourage additional foreign investment, while intensified restructuring among large enterprises and banks and improvements in the financial sector should strengthen output growth. But revival in the European economies remains essential to stepped-up growth.

GDP: purchasing power parity - $120.8 billion (1999 est.)

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 5% industry: 42% services: 53% (1999 est.)

Labor force:  - 5.203 million (1999 est.)

Labor force - by occupation: industry 32%, agriculture 5.6%, construction 8.7%, transport and communications 6.9%, services 46.8% (1997 est.)

Budget: revenues: $16.4 billion expenditures: $17.3 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999)

Industries: fuels, ferrous metallurgy, machinery and equipment, coal, motor vehicles, glass, armaments




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Pictures of the Czech Republic from

National Weather Service
Internet Weather Source  Czech Republic and the World

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A Little of  Slavic and Czech History 

Origin of Slavs
"Little is known of  the origins of  Slavs. Philologists and archaeologists theorize that the Slavs settled very early in the Carpathian Mountains or in the area of present-day Belarus. By A.D. 600, they had split linguistically into southern, western, and eastern branches. The East Slavs settled along the Dnepr River in what is now Ukraine; then they spread northward to the northern Volga River valley, east of modern-day Moscow, and westward to the basins of the northern Dnestr and the western Bug rivers, in present-day Moldova and southern Ukraine. "

-- The Library of Congress  Country Studies 

Early History

Czechs and Slovaks

First Political Units
"Although a Czechoslovak state did not emerge until 1918, its roots go back many centuries. The earliest records of Slavic inhabitants in present-day Czechoslovakia date from the fifth century A.D. The ancestors of the Czechs settled in present-day Bohemia and Moravia, and those of the Slovaks settled in present-day Slovakia. The settlers developed an agricultural economy and built the characteristically circular Slavic villages, the okroulice.

The peaceful life of the Slavic tribes was shattered in the sixth century by the invasion of the Avars, a people of undetermined origin and language who established a loosely connected empire between the Labe (Elbe) and Dnieper rivers. The Avars did not conquer all the Slavic tribes in the area, but they subjugated some of them and conducted raids on others. It was in response to the Avars that Samo--a foreigner thought to be a Frankish merchant--unified some of the Slavic tribes and in A.D. 625 established the empire of Samo. Although the territorial extent of the empire is not known, it was centered in Bohemia and is considered the first coherent Slavic political unit. The empire disintegrated when Samo died in 658.
A more stable polity emerged in Moravia. The Czech tribes of Moravia helped Charlemagne destroy the Avar Empire (ca. 796) and were rewarded by receiving part of it as a fief. Although the Moravians paid tribute to Charlemagne, they did enjoy considerable independence. Early in the ninth century, Mojmir--a Slavic chief--formed the Moravian Kingdom. His two successors expanded its domains to include Bohemia, Slovakia, southern Poland, and western Hungary. The expanded kingdom became known as the Great Moravian Empire.

Its importance to Czechoslovak history is that it united in a single state the ancestors of the Czechs and Slovaks. "

 -- The Library of Congress 

Country Studies/
Czechoslovakia :..  Early History  
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